For USCIS Form I-864 Affidavit of Support, what are the differences
sponsor, and substitute
An affidavit of support is a document an individual signs to accept
financial responsibility for another person, usually a relative, who is
coming to the United States to live permanently. The person
who signs the affidavit of support becomes the sponsor of the
relative coming to live in U.S. The sponsor is
usually the petitioner of an immigrant petition for a family member. An
affidavit of support is legally enforceable; the sponsor's
responsibility usually lasts until the family member or other
individual either becomes a U.S. citizen, or can be credited with 40
quarters of work - usually 10 years.
A joint sponsor is someone who is willing to accept legal
responsibility for supporting the family member with you. A joint
sponsor must meet all the same requirements as you, except the joint
sponsor does not need to be related to the immigrant. The joint
sponsor, or the joint sponsor and his or her household, must reach the
125% income requirement alone. You cannot combine your income with that
of a joint sponsor to meet the income requirement.
the visa petitioner has died after approval of the visa petition but
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) decides to let the
petition continue, a substitute sponsor must file a Form I-864 in place
of the deceased visa petitioner.
other eligibility requirements apply to the substitute sponsor as well.
He or she must be a U.S. citizen or a lawful permanent resident of at
least 18 years of age who has a domicile in the U.S. And the sponsor
must be a relative of yours. In order to be
a substitute sponsor,
you must be related to the intending immigrant in one of the following
ways: Spouse; Parent; Mother-in-law; Father-in-law; Sibling; Child (if
at least 18 years of age); Son; Daughter; Son-in-law; Daughter-in-law;
Sister-in-law; Brother-in-law; Grandparent; Grandchild; Legal guardian
of the beneficiary.
Serving as a substitute
sponsor is a primarily financial relationship, and it involves filling
out an Affidavit of Support on USCIS Form I-864. The Affidavit must
indicate that the new sponsor is able to support the immigrants and
his/her own household, at a level that is at or above 125% of the
federal Poverty Guidelines. In fact, by filing Form I-864, the
substitute sponsor promises the U.S. government to pay back any
need-based public assistance that the named immigrants receive for
approximately the first ten years of their having a green card.