The Green Card Application for a Child of U.S. Citizen or Permanent Resident
1. Children as Close Family Members of U.S. Citizen or Permanent Resident
As a U.S. citizen, you can submit an immigration application if you have a close family relation, and you can sponsor the following family members:
As a U.S. legal permanent resident, you can submit an immigration application for:
The "immediate relatives" of a U.S. citizen, including parents, spouses, widows, and children who are unmarried and under 21 years of age, can immigrate to the United States without being subject to any visa numerical restrictions. They can apply for the permanent resident status without any waiting time.
rest of the beneficiaries are divided into several groups called
"preferences." Each preference is given a numerical quota per year to
limit the number of immigrants admitted into the United States.
Generally, the higher the preference, the quicker the alien will be
eligible to receive a Green Card. The relatives in preference
categories must wait for a visa to become available according to the
2. Children as Immediate Relatives of U.S. Citizen
Unmarried children under 21 year old of U.S. citizens are eligible to apply for permanent resident status as immediate relatives. Immediate relatives may immigrate to the United States on a family based petition. This is the most attractive category, since there is no limitation to the number of immigrants who may qualify under this category and, in most cases, visa numbers are immediately available for these individuals to apply for lawful permanent residence. Immediate relatives include spouses, children and parents of U.S. citizens.
For immediate relative to qualify as a "child" of a U.S. citizen, the person must be the son or daughter of a U.S. citizen, and the immigration law defines a “child” as an unmarried person under the age of 21 (a minor) who is:
The Distinction for "First Preference of
Unmarried Sons and Daughters of U.S. Citizens" and a Child of an
"Immediate Relative of a U.S. Citizen"
adopted child qualifies as long as the adoption was finalized before
the child's 16th birthday, the adoptive parents have legal custody of
the child for two years (before or after the adoption), and the child
resides with the adoptive parents for two years (before or after the
adoption). A stepchild qualifies as long as the marriage had occurred
before the stepchild's 18th birthday.
4. The Eligibility to Sponsor a Child to Immigrate to the United States
The immigration beneficiaries are strictly defined, and one has to meet the definition of its category at the time that the application of adjustment of status is approved. Those who do not meet the definitions cannot immigrate to the United States through family based immigration.
To be eligible to sponsor a child to immigrate to the United States, a parent must meet the following criteria:
More Articles about Immigration and Green Card Application for Child • Child Immigration, Visa Number, and Required Documents for Relationship • Child Immigration Petition Process and Immigrant Visa Application • The "Age Out" for a Child at Age of 21, and the Child Status Protection Act • The "Following-To-Join" Benefit for Permanent Resident's Child to Get Green Card • Frequently Asked Questions and Answers of Green Card Application for Children • Our Help Desk's Answers for Questions of Green Card Application for Children • Complete Do-It-Yourself Package for U.S. Citizen's or Permanent Resident's Child • The Green Card and Immigration Application for Children • Home Page
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